Open Access: Guide for Researchers

Open Access services and guidance for researchers at the University of Helsinki. #openaccess #openscience #ORCID #selfarchiving


General Information and terminology

Green Open Access: depositing an article or a version of it into the institutional repository. Usually free of charge.

Gold Open Access: publication is immediately provided in oa mode through a high-quality open access publication.The publisher of the oa journal may charge an open access fee (article processing charge).

Hybrid open access: Research articles can be made openly accessible in a journal by paying an extra fee. Journal´s other articles still remain behind a paywall.

Article processing charge (APC) and Book processing charge (BPC) are payments charged by the OA publisher from the author or her/his institution to cover various publishing costs. Both Gold and Hybrid OA based journals can charge APCs.

Embargo: A period of time defined by the publisher,  during which the author has no permission to self-archive. Calculated from the publishing date of the original publication.

Double dipping: Institutions (libraries, universities) often have to pay twice for the same content when publishing in hybrid Open Access Journals.

♦ The scientific level of journals can be assessed for instance through Impact factors and through Publication Forum rating.

Impact factors: The journal impact factors are updated annually and can be found from the Clarivate Analytics Journal Citation Reports database. Most of the OA-journals have also an impact factor. You can get more information about impact factors and evaluation in general from Metrics Guide.

The Publication Forum – The classifications of scientific publication channels maintained by the Federation of Finnish Learned Societies.

JuFo Search Form - Search journals, conferences and publishers. The search can be targeted at specific fields of research.

Open Access -service at HUlib

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Publish your work openly in an institutional or in a subject based e-archive according to the agreements of the copyrights owner.
Researchers of the University of Helsinki self-archive their
research to TUHAT or send the AAM file to the library's deposit service.
E-print services or e-archives
Open repositories of the discipline (i.e. ArXiv, bioRxiv, PubMed Central, RePEc or SocArxiv) are useful when you wish to disseminate your paper. Remember still self-archiving to TUHAT.
Publish your article in a journal that supports Open Access. 
Publish your book by using Open Access -based services.

Journals and book publishers often charge APCs or BPCs (Article Processing Charge, Book Processing Charge) fees.
You have to pay the publishing fee (APC or BPC) or find an institutional source to pay the fee. Usually suitable licence is available.


Model of open access publishing, where the open access sharing licence is not in use.
Make an article openly accessible by paying the publishing fee (APC or BPC) or find an institutional source to pay the fee. Rest of the articles of the journal still remain behind a paywall. Hybrid open access often means institutions and libraries have to pay twice for the same content.
Open publishing for example on writer´s own www-pages or on social media sites. Does not meet the requirements of the research funders.

The Open Access principles of the University of Helsinki

The University of Helsinki requires researchers affiliated with the University to self-archive their scientific articles after they have been published in academic publications in the University’s Open Access repository HELDA. This can be done via the research information system TUHAT.

Self-archiving principles of University apply to all scientific scholarly articles. Publishers' policy and embargos to open self-archiving should be checked and actions taken accordingly. Library service deposit is also available.

Also Master´s and licentiate´s dissertations as well as Doctoral dissertations should be published openly. The theses submitted at the University of Helsinki are published in HELDA repository, instructions.

Several research funding providers require research results to be published in accordance with open access principles. You can consult the Sherpa/Juliet service to see your funder’s policy on Open Access publishing.

Tools for Open Access Publishing

SHERPA/RoMEO - Publisher copyright policies & self-archiving
SHERPA/JULIET Funder’s policy on open access publishing
SHERPA/FACT: Funders & Authors Compliance Tool
Directory of Open Access Journals DOAJ - Search for Scientific OA-journals
BASE - Biefield Academic Search Engine
Pubpeer - Open Journal club
Cofactor Journal Selector - select a publisher to your article
Journal Checker Tool - Is this compliant with Plan S?
OpenDOAR - Open Access Archives
EOSC - European Science Cloud Portal
Teomoa - Open Educational Resources Portal
• Unpaywall - A web browser extension that links you to open access full-text versions of research articles

Ask us about Open Access!

Opean Access teamPhoto: Jussi Männistö

Order guidance on Open Access

Make your research sustainable greener

Researchers and teachers at the University of Helsinki can order personal librarian to help with questions concerning Open Access. Meeting can cover things like:

  • ORCID-identifier and  linking to TUHAT
  • Open Access self-archiving to the institutional repository TUHAT / HELDA
  • Article Processing Charges
  • Additional Open Access matters

Please, fill out the form and make an order. If you wish your guidance in Finnish, order here (log in with your UH username and password).

Time will be confirmed later according to your wishes.

HELDA - Digital Repository of the University of Helsinki

HELDA serves as an open full text repository and open access publishing platform for research articles and institutional series, as well as for teaching and research material produced by the departments and faculties of the University. Helda is also suitable publishing platform for monographs.

The archive ensures long-term storage and provides each item with a permanent web address i. e. Helda offers availability, longevity, and functionality to your digitally stored work.

Researchers at University of Helsinki self-archive their research publications to Helda via TUHAT. They can also send publications to the library´s deposit service.

Open Science as a concept

Copyrights of this guide

Open Access Guide:
© Helsinki University Library

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